Sunday, April 25, 2010

Bihar

Bihar at a Glance:
Location: North east
Capital: Patna
Languages: Bihari, Hindi, Urdu
Famous places: Nalanda, Vikramshila, Mahabodhi Temple, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Ashoka Tower, Bodhgaya, Champaran, Rajgir

Bihar is a North east state of India. It is surrounded by Utter Pradesh, Nepal, Jharkhand and West bengal boundaries. The climate, culture is quite same as in Utter Pradesh and West Bengal. It is a little humid state. Majority of people speak Bihari and Urdu language. Bihari language is divided into 4 parts i.e. Angika, Bhojpuri, Magadhi and Maithili.

Bihar is famous for its learning centers. Famous and ancient center of higher learning Nalanda is situated at Bihar. It is recognize as a first great university in India. This building was constructed by ancient emperor like Ashoka, Rajaraja Chola, and Gupta. This building still is the part of attraction of tourists. As other States Bihar also have its unique culture. Its art and craft is also famous worldwide. Madhubani painting is the famous one of the Mithila region of Bihar. It is assume that this painting is originated from the time of Ramanyana. Earlier these paints were carved on walls of houses but now these are also available on canvas and hand-made paper. These paints are on the themes of Hindu religion. Crafting from Bamboo, mud and silks are famous in Bihar.

If we focus on Bihar Festival then Chhath will be first one which is most popular and religious festival of Bihar. Chhath is the festival in which women do fasting for her husband and son’s long life. This festival is having tough rules which should be strongly followed by women. Earlier Bihar was famous among tourists for educational tourism as Bihar having ancient university like Nalanda and Vikramasila University, but now tourist is also attracted by its culture.

Sunday, April 4, 2010

Assam

Assam at a Glance

Capital: Dispur

Famous city: Guwahati

Official languages: Assamese, Bengali

Major Attraction: Tea garden, Kaziranga and manas national parks, Kamakhya Temple, Nabagraha Temple, Umananda Temple, Satra, Sibsagar, Digboi


Assam is one of the beautiful and famous states of the Northern India. Assam surrounded by greenery and rich in flora funa and wild life. Dispur is the Capital of Assam and it is surrounded by seven sister states: Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Meghalaya. Bhutan and Bangladesh also touches its boundaries.


Assam is having a very wide culture. It is famous for its Tea garden, Silk and old petroleum resources. Kaziranga and manas is the famous national park of Assam. These national parks are having one horned Indian rhinoceros, tigers, and Asian elephant along with various spices of birds. Assam is famous for its lovely Sal tree forest. Brahmaputra is crossing the boundaries of Assam. Assam is also having mineral resources like petroleum, coal, natural gases, limestone and others.


People of different religions are living in Assam like Hindu, Muslims, Christian, Sikh and Buddhist. Assamese are religious and they belive in god like durga, Shiva, Krishna etc. Assamese, Bodo and Bengali are the languages they speak. There are lots of festivals they enjoy. Bihu and Durga Puja are the famous one which they celebrate with great enthusiasm. At the time of Bihu festival, they perform a bihu dance which Assam is famous for. Bihu celebration is the warm welcome of spring season and starting of sowing season.


Assam has rich tradition of fine arts and crafts. You can see the use of cane, bamboo, metal, brass, silk, clay, wood in their madden products. Cane and bamboo are highly reachable in Assam therefore people also use them in their daily life. Tourists who are interested to visit Assam can reach there by Air, Train and by road also.