Sunday, April 25, 2010

Bihar

Bihar at a Glance:
Location: North east
Capital: Patna
Languages: Bihari, Hindi, Urdu
Famous places: Nalanda, Vikramshila, Mahabodhi Temple, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Ashoka Tower, Bodhgaya, Champaran, Rajgir

Bihar is a North east state of India. It is surrounded by Utter Pradesh, Nepal, Jharkhand and West bengal boundaries. The climate, culture is quite same as in Utter Pradesh and West Bengal. It is a little humid state. Majority of people speak Bihari and Urdu language. Bihari language is divided into 4 parts i.e. Angika, Bhojpuri, Magadhi and Maithili.

Bihar is famous for its learning centers. Famous and ancient center of higher learning Nalanda is situated at Bihar. It is recognize as a first great university in India. This building was constructed by ancient emperor like Ashoka, Rajaraja Chola, and Gupta. This building still is the part of attraction of tourists. As other States Bihar also have its unique culture. Its art and craft is also famous worldwide. Madhubani painting is the famous one of the Mithila region of Bihar. It is assume that this painting is originated from the time of Ramanyana. Earlier these paints were carved on walls of houses but now these are also available on canvas and hand-made paper. These paints are on the themes of Hindu religion. Crafting from Bamboo, mud and silks are famous in Bihar.

If we focus on Bihar Festival then Chhath will be first one which is most popular and religious festival of Bihar. Chhath is the festival in which women do fasting for her husband and son’s long life. This festival is having tough rules which should be strongly followed by women. Earlier Bihar was famous among tourists for educational tourism as Bihar having ancient university like Nalanda and Vikramasila University, but now tourist is also attracted by its culture.

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